Yes, they can be liable for their acts of negligence.
Under civil law, a patient can file a case against a doctor before a consumer court for deficiency in services. The case can be filed before the District, State or National Consumer Commission to receive compensation for the loss or injury suffered. The patient can also file a case before a civil court for damages/compensation.
Under criminal law, a patient can file a criminal complaint citing gross negligence or hurt, for invoking punishment against a doctor in the form of imprisonment and fine. A doctor causing the death of a pregnant woman through an illegal abortion procedure can be punished with jail time up to 10 years, along with a fine.
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