Different Categories of Schools

Last updated on May 30, 2024

The schools given below have the responsibility to make provisions for the free and compulsory elementary education of children.

Schools established, owned or controlled by the government or a local authority

Such schools have a responsibility to provide free and compulsory education to all children admitted. For example, schools run by the New Delhi Municipality Council or the Delhi Cantonment Board.

Aided schools

Aided Schools refer to privately established schools receiving full or part of their funding by the government or local authority in the form of aid or grant.1 Free and compulsory education should be provided to a minimum of 25% of the children admitted and to such proportion of children as its annual recurring aid or grants so received bears to its annual recurring expenses.

Specified category schools and unaided schools not receiving any kind of aid or grants from the government

A school belonging to a specified category refers to schools such as Kendriya Vidyalaya, Navodaya Vidyalaya, Sainik Schools or other schools that have a distinct character and are specified by notification by the appropriate government. Apart from special schools even unaided schools that do not receive any grants or funds from the Government are covered under the law2 In such schools, children shall be admitted in class I, to the extent of 25% of the strength of the class, till the completion of elementary education. This proportion comprises children belonging to weaker sections and disadvantaged groups such as those belonging to economically weaker sections of society.3

The above-mentioned strength of 25% of the class also applies to pre-school education, if any of these schools provide for the same.

Minority Schools

Minority schools are schools run by members of a minority group. Minorities are religious groups other than Hindus, such as Christians, Muslims and Parsis. They are also groups in a state who don’t speak the main or official language of the state, such as Tamilians in Haryana or Gujaratis in Karnataka.

The Constitution of India allows minorities to run schools in their own way so that they can protect their culture and language. This means that minority schools don’t have to follow all the rules which apply to other schools and do not fall within the ambit of the Right to Education Act.

  1. Section 12(1)(b), The Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act, 2009. []
  2. Section 2(p), The Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act, 2009. []
  3. Section 12(1)(c), The Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act, 2009. []

How useful was this post?

Click on a star to rate it!

Average rating 2.7 / 5. Vote count: 3

No votes so far! Be the first to rate this post.

Please share your feedback about this post!

Sharing feedback will help us improve our content. Tell us how!

If you want to keep your feedback confidential, please mention it in your feedback. If you have a question, please ask us in the comments or Ask Nyaaya sections.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Have a question you want to ask our legal experts?

Related Resources

Education for Children Belonging to Disadvantaged Groups

It is the duty of the government and the local authorities to ensure that children from disadvantaged groups are not discriminated against and are able to complete their elementary education.
citizen rights icon

Admission Process into Schools

All children between the ages of 6 to 14 years can get education from schools, free of cost,  from the 1st standard (first class) till the 8th standard (eighth class).
citizen rights icon

Free and Compulsory Education

The Right to Education is a fundamental right guaranteed under Article 21A of the Constitution of India, 1950. The law guaranteeing the right to education is known as the Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act, 2009.
citizen rights icon

Qualifications of Teachers

The National Council for Teacher Education prescribes the qualifications for teachers in India. One of the essential qualifications for a person to be eligible for appointment as a teacher in any of the schools is that he/she should pass the Teacher Eligibility Test (TET) which will be conducted by the appropriate Government.
citizen rights icon

Guide on the Rights of Transgender Persons in India

This Guide discusses the general provisions in the Constitution of India, the Transgender Persons (Protection of Rights) Act, 2019 and the Transgender Persons (Protection of Rights) Rules, 2020.
citizen rights icon

Complaining/ Grievances Regarding Child’s Education

If you face any grievance or you have a complaint regarding the education of a child, you can approach the following authorities:
citizen rights icon