The States reporting highest Charge-sheeting Rate under IPC Crimes are Gujarat (97.1%), Kerala (94.9%) and Tamil Nadu (91.7%).


Last updated on Jun 22, 2022

Once you have reported the crime by filing an FIR, the officer in charge must send the report to a Magistrate, who will take note of the case without any unnecessary delay, and proceed with the investigation. This is a mandatory step that the police have to follow, as it allows the Magistrate to take control of the investigation, and if necessary give appropriate directions to the police.

The police will investigate the facts and circumstances of the case, and if necessary, take measures to find and arrest the person committing the crime. If the police officer feels that the case is not of serious nature, he may appoint a subordinate officer to do the investigation. Also, if they think that there are no sufficient grounds to investigate further, they may not do so. 

When the Police are done with their investigation and have found enough evidence to proceed with a criminal case, they file a charge sheet. However, after investigation, if they have not found anything proving the commission of a crime, they will suggest closing the case by filing a closure report to the Magistrate.

It is the filing of the charge sheet where the trial of a criminal case begins. The police do not have a time limit to file the charge sheet or a closure report. Even the Magistrate cannot compel the police to file the charge sheet in a particular period of time. But if the person accused of a crime is in jail, then they have either 60 days (where the punishment for the crime is less than 10 years) or 90 days (where the punishment of the crime is more than 10 years) to file the charge sheet. 


How useful was this post?

Click on a star to rate it!

Average rating 4.4 / 5. Vote count: 23

No votes so far! Be the first to rate this post.

Please share your feedback about this post!

Sharing feedback will help us improve our content. Tell us how!

If you want to keep your feedback confidential, please mention it in your feedback. If you have a question, please ask us in the comments or Ask Nyaaya sections.


Asmita Kalita

November 14, 2022

Keep it up.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Have a question you want to ask our legal experts?

Related Resources

How to file an FIR

If a crime has taken place you can go to the nearest police station which does not necessarily have to be in the area where the crime has been committed.

Reporting Rape

If you want to report a rape case, under the Indian law, you can follow the procedure which has been mentioned herein.
Crimes and Violence

Custodial Harassment of LGBTQ+ Persons by Police

If you are arrested, you will be in the custody of the police at the police station for 24 hours, till they take you to the nearest Magistrate (Court). They can keep you for 15 more days only if they get the permission of the Magistrate.
Crimes and Violence

Where can an FIR be filed

An FIR can be filed at any police station. The fact that the crime may not have been committed in that police stations jurisdiction has no consequence to the filing of the complaint.

Who can file an FIR

You can file an FIR if you are a victim of a crime, a relative or friend or acquaintance of the victim or you have knowledge about a crime that has taken place or is about to take place.

Where to complain when Police Officer refuses to take your FIR

If a Police Officer does not accept your complaint then you can write down your complaint and send it to the Superintendent of Police.