Punishment for Noise Pollution

Last updated on Jun 17, 2022

Causing noise pollution is a punishable offence under the law. The punishment is:

Causing Public Nuisance

Creating noise is considered to be a public nuisance when you cause any injury, danger or annoyance to the public1. For example, if your neighbour plays a sound system at midnight very loudly, then this is a public nuisance.

The punishment for such nuisance is a fine up to Rs. 200.2 If you continue to make noise even after the Court directs you to stop the noise, the punishment is jail time up to 6 months along with a fine.3.

Causing Environmental Pollution

Since noise pollution causes significant harm to the environment and surroundings, it is taken seriously under the law. For example, if the construction noise of a building is making it hard for you to live, then this is a form of noise pollution.

The punishment for this offence is jail time up to five years and/or a fine up to Rs. 1 Lakh.4

If the noise pollution continues, then you may be punished with an additional fine of Rs. 5000 for every day the pollution happens. If the noise continues for more than a year despite orders to stop it, then you may be punished with jail time up to 7 years.5

You have a right to complain about noise pollution and the authorities will take action against the responsible persons.

  1. Section 268, Indian Penal Code, 1860 []
  2. Section 290, Indian Penal Code, 1860; Bhuban Ram and Ors. v. Bibhuti Bhushan Biswas AIR 1919 Cal 539 []
  3. Section 291, Indian Penal Code, 1860 []
  4. Section 15, The Environment (Protection) Act, 1986. []
  5. Section 15, The Environment (Protection) Act, 1986. []

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Related Resources

What are the offences and punishments under air pollution laws?

The offences include releasing of harmful pollutants  into the environment, violation of Pollution Under Control Certificate, etc. 

What is Noise Pollution?

Noise is common in everyday life, but when it goes above a certain limit, it is considered to be pollution as well as a public nuisance.

Effects of Noise Pollution

Noise can disturb our work, rest, sleep, and communication. It can damage hearing and evoke other psychological, and pathological reactions.

What are the sources and effects of air pollution?

Air pollution is associated with many sectors, which include power, transport, industry, residential, construction, and agriculture.

Who are the authorities under the air pollution laws?

The Central Pollution Control Board and the State Pollution Control Boards have been set up under the law to monitor air pollution in India.

Who can you complain to about a grievance under air pollution law?

You can complain to the Police, Central and State Pollution Control Boards, Courts and the National Green Tribunal.