How does the Government regulate unlawful associations?

Last updated on Jun 16, 2022

Declaring an association as unlawful

If the Central Government believes that any association is, or has become, an unlawful association, it can declare the association as unlawful by publishing an official Gazette notification, usually with reasons for declaring the association as unlawful. The Government will also send the notification to the concerned association and publish it in at least one daily newspaper in the State where the association has its head office1.


After putting out the notification:Step 1: Sending the notification to the Tribunal 

The Government should send the notification to the Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Tribunal within thirty days of its publication, to decide whether there is enough reason for declaring the association unlawful.

Step 2: Sending a notice to the association

The Tribunal will then send a written notice to the association, asking it to justify within thirty days why it should not be declared unlawful.

Step 3: Inquiry by Tribunal and Final Order

The Tribunal will inquire and decide whether there is enough reason for declaring the association unlawful. Within six months of the Gazette notification, the Tribunal will pass an order either confirming the Government’s declaration or cancelling it2. The order will be published in the official Gazette, and will be valid for five years unless the Government cancels it3.


  1. Section 3, Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act, 1967.[]
  2. Section 4, Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act, 1967.[]
  3. Section 6, Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act, 1967.[]

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.

Have a question you want to ask our legal experts?

Related Resources

Duties of a Medical Professional or Doctor

A doctor should uphold the dignity and honor of their profession, and their prime objective should be to render service to humanity.

Misconduct by Pharmacists

The actions of a registered pharmacist which shall qualify for misconduct are given under the Pharmacist Act.

Duties of Registered Pharmacists towards Patients

Registered pharmacists have certain duties to be followed towards patients. This post speaks about it in detail.

Workplace Guide for Persons with Disabilities

The Nyaaya Guide for Persons with Disabilities at the Workplace helps persons with disabilities (PwDs) understand their employment rights and associated remedies. 

Duties of an Architect

Architects have several duties to follow. This includes maintaining etiquette, following architectural guidelines for buildings etc.

General Duties of a Clinical Psychologist

This post speaks about the general duties of a clinical psychologist which must be followed legally in India.