[Trigger Warning: This explainer contains information on physical violence, sexual violence, abuse and slurs which some readers may find disturbing.] Sexual harassment can happen in several ways. Actions such as following a person on the streets or in any public space, peeping into their bedroom, making sexual gestures at them while they are at workRead more
How does this explainer help you?
[Trigger Warning: This explainer contains information on physical violence, sexual violence, abuse and slurs which some readers may find disturbing.]
This explainer gives survivors of sexual violence an understanding of their rights so that they know the categories of sexual crimes in India and the reporting mechanisms for them. Criminal law in India deals strictly with men who sexually harass and abuse women and gives strict punishments. It is important to note that apart from the intention of the perpetrator, the perception of the survivor on whether certain behaviour is sexual harassment or not, is also considered to be an important factor by the courts. Through this explainer, survivors can understand the different ways to report an incident of sexual harassment or assault, even if it happens online and how the law can help them.
What are the laws being discussed?
This explainer discusses the legal provisions in the:
- Indian Penal Code, 1860 for the prosecution and punishment of a person committing any sexual crimes.
- Information Technology Act, 2000 for online crimes
- The Protection of Children from Sexual Offences (POCSO) Act, 2012 for sexual abuse of children and
- The Sexual Harassment of Women at Workplace (Prevention, Prohibition and Redressal) Act, 2013 for workplace sexual harassment.
In this explainer, we have covered only the provisions of the law where women have the right to complain against sexual harassment. To explore more on violence against LGBTQI+ persons, you can read our explainer on Violence based on Gender Identity and Sexual Orientation.