India does not have a specific or singular law addressing rights of patients but various existing Indian laws grant rights to individuals who approach healthcare establishments. These laws ensure that people can access medical care and receive dignified treatment. To make these rights coherent and easy to understand for the public, the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare and the National Human Rights Commission have compiled the Charter of Patient Rights. While it is yet to be formally enacted, the rights enumerated are already available to people under existing laws. This explainer will help you understand the various rights you have as a patient in India and the remedies available if these are violated. Some of these rights include right to choose alternative treatment, right to ask for information including medical records, right to second opinion etc.