Explained below are various income tax authorities, including the governing body and income tax officers. The revenue functions of the Government of India are managed by the Ministry of Finance.
Central Board of Direct Taxes and the Income Tax Department
The Finance Ministry has entrusted administration of direct taxes like Income-tax to the Central Board of Direct Taxes (CBDT). The CBDT is a part of the Department of Revenue in the Ministry of Finance. The Central Board of Revenue Act, 1963 is the law that regulates the CBDT.
The CBDT provides essential inputs for policy framing and planning of direct taxes. Additionally, it administers direct tax laws through the Income Tax Department. Thus, income tax law is administered by the Income Tax Department under the control and supervision of the CBDT.
Authorities1 appointed by the Income Tax Department
The most senior ranks of income tax officers are:
- Principal Director General or Director-General
- Chief Commissioner or Principal Chief Commissioner
- Director or Principal Director
- Commissioner or Principal Commissioner
The officers mentioned above can appoint other income-tax authorities below the rank of an Assistant Commissioner or Deputy Commissioner.
An Assessing Officer is an officer of the Income Tax Department. He/she is given the power to take decisions on income tax law in a particular geographical area or over a class of persons.2 You can find out who is your assessing officer based on your geographical jurisdiction, or the nature of your income. An Assessing Officer could have the designation of:
- Assistant Commissioner or Deputy Commissioner
- Assistant Director or Deputy Director
- Additional Commissioner or Additional Director
- Joint Commissioner or Joint Director
Public Relations Officer and Tax Return Preparers
If you want to take the help of any expert on tax-related matters, you can take the help of the Public Relations Officer (PRO) in the local office of the Income Tax Department.0
- Section 116, Income Tax Act, 1961
- Section 7A, Income Tax Act, 1961