Trigger Warning: The following content contains information on physical violence and sexual violence which some readers may find disturbing.
Survivors have the right to get immediate and free first-aid or medical treatment from medical institutions (both public and private). The institution must also inform the police of the criminal incident1. If the institution refuses to provide treatment and inform the police, the person in charge of the institution is punishable with imprisonment for up to one year and/or a fine2.
Within 24 hours of receiving information about the criminal incident, the police send the survivor to an authorised doctor for a medical examination. The medical examination can happen only with the consent of the survivor or someone who can consent on her behalf3. After obtaining consent, the doctor immediately examines the survivor and prepares a detailed report with conclusions about the survivor’s injuries, mental condition, etc4. The report also records that consent was obtained5, and notes the exact time at which the medical examination was started and completed6. The doctor immediately sends the medical report to the concerned police officer who is investigating the case, and the officer then forwards it to the Magistrate7.1
- Section 357C, Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973.
- Section 166B, Indian Penal Code,1860.
- Section 164A(1), Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973.
- Section 164A(2), Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973.
- Section 164A(4), Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973.
- Section 164A(5), Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973.
- Section 164A(6), Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973.