No one is allowed to print or publish the name or any matter which may reveal the identity of a survivor. The punishment for doing so is imprisonment for up to two years and a fine.1 Without getting permission from the court, if anyone prints or publishes any matter about a rape case which is currently ongoing in court, they are punishable with imprisonment for up to two years and a fine.2
The identity of the survivor can only be revealed:3
- For the purposes of investigation – In this case, the identity can be revealed by the officer-in-charge of a police station or the police officer investigating the case.
- By the survivor, or with her written permission.
- By the close family of the survivor, or with their permission – This is allowed if the woman is dead, or a minor, or of unsound mind. In this case, the family can give such permission only to the chairman or the secretary of any recognised welfare institution or organisation.
- Section 228A(1), Indian Penal Code, 1860.
- Section 228A(3), Indian Penal Code, 1860.
- Section 228A(2), Indian Penal Code, 1860.