What are the schools of Muslim law?

Last updated on May 12, 2022

There are various schools of Muslim law. The law on Muslim marriages comes from the interpretation of the Quran by scholars. Thus, most Muslim marriages are guided by customs derived from interpretations followed through generations. The laws and customs that apply to each person following Islam differ based on the sect of the person. Further, different branches of customs have emerged within sects. These branches have specific laws known as “Schools of Law”.(( Mulla, D. F., Sir. (n.d.). Principles of Mahomedan Law (20th ed.) p.28.)) 


In India,(( Consultation Paper on Reform of Family Law, Law Commission, available at https://lawcommissionofindia.nic.in/reports/CPonReformFamilyLaw.pdf.)) parts of Muslim personal law were written down in 1937 as the Muslim Personal Law (Shariat) Application Act, 1937 as well as the Dissolution of Muslim Marriages Act,1939. These two laws in many ways have led the reforms in family laws. However, Muslim marriages are guided by the Islamic religious precepts. In Islam, there are two sects- Sunni and Shia. Each sect practices different schools of law. This means that depending on the sect, the marriage procedure differs for a bride and a groom.(( Mulla, D. F., Sir. (n.d.). Principles of Mahomedan Law (20th ed.) p.28.))

How useful was this post?

Click on a star to rate it!

Average rating 3 / 5. Vote count: 2

No votes so far! Be the first to rate this post.

Please share your feedback about this post!

Sharing feedback will help us improve our content. Tell us how!

If you want to keep your feedback confidential, please mention it in your feedback. If you have a question, please ask us in the comments or Ask Nyaaya sections.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Have a question you want to ask our legal experts?

Related Resources

What are the eligibility criteria for Muslim marriages?

For a marriage to be legally recognized as a Muslim marriage, certain conditions must be met with respect to age and mental state.

Ending a Muslim Marriage

There are two ways by which a marriage can end, either death of a spouse or divorce. Divorce for Muslims can happen without involving the Court as well.

Who are the witnesses required during a Muslim marriage?

A marriage under the Sunni School of Muslim law must take place in the presence of two male witnesses or one male and two female witnesses. 

Marriage of Children

A child marriage is a marriage between the parties where either both people marrying are minors, or one of them is a child/minor. 

Is Muslim marriage a contract?

Marriage is a contract under Muslim law. The contract can be entered into by fulfilling certain conditions.

Batil and Fasid Marriages

Under Muslim personal laws, marriages in violation of rules are known as Batil marriages and irregular marriages are called Fasid marriages.