It is unlawful and an offence under the Manual Scavengers and Their Rehabilitation Act, 2013 for any person, municipality, panchayat or agency to build an insanitary latrine that requires human waste to be removed manually by a person before the waste has properly decomposed.
Local authorities must carry out a survey of insanitary latrines in their area and publish a list of all the identified latrines. The local authorities are responsible for the building and maintenance of these community sanitary latrines and must make sure that they are functional and hygienic.
The punishment for first-time offenders constructing or engaging or employing someone to construct an insanitary latrine is jail time up to one year as well as a fine for up to Rs. 50,000. Second-time offenders can face jail time up to two years and a fine of up to Rs. 1,00,000.0