Health Laws

Last updated on Jun 1, 2022

There are certain laws that relate to your legal rights as a patient and your fundamental rights around the medical  care you are entitled to. Watch our video interviews, where experts in these fields explain the laws and your rights in a simple, actionable manner.

Laws on End of Life Care and Living Wills with Dhvani Mehta

End of life care often involves key decisions around stopping medical care or deciding not to start medical care for patients for whom further treatment may not help. For instance, a decision not to revive someone who suffered a cardiac arrest or a decision to take someone off a ventilator.

End of life decisions are often taken for terminally ill persons or for those in a coma or a persistent vegetative state. Dhvani Mehta, co-founder of Vidhi Centre for Legal Policy explains the law dealing with end of life care and the making of living wills in India.

ICMR document on definitions relating to end of life care

Copy of Living Will can be downloaded here

AIIMS guidelines on End of Life Care

ICMR Consensus guideline on DNAR

Have any questions or thoughts about the video? Let us know in the Ask Nyaaya section of the website.

Patient Rights in India with Anjela Taneja

India does not have a specific or singular law addressing rights of patients but the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare and the National Human Rights Commission have compiled the Charter of Patient Rights, putting together rights available under different existing laws.

We spoke to Anjela Taneja of Oxfam India, to understand some of these rights better, how they operated in the pandemic and what recourses are available to the people when these rights are violated.

Have any questions or thoughts about the video? Let us know in the Ask Nyaaya section of the website.

To know more about Patient Rights in India, read this simple explainer.

Understanding Addiction as a Mental Health Issue with Neha Singhal

The mental healthcare law in India refers to addiction as a medical issue requiring treatment, whereas the drug control laws criminalise consumption of different drugs and narcotics. Watch our conversation with Neha Singhal, Senior Resident Fellow at Vidhi Centre for Legal Policy where we discuss this conflict in laws to better understand how addiction is dealt with under the Indian legal system.

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