The counselling process helps to get an assurance that the incident of domestic violence will not get repeated. If the offender continues to harass you during counselling, you can inform the counsellor who will take adequate measures including approaching the magistrate to prevent further violence.

What is Counseling under Domestic Violence law?

Last updated on Apr 8, 2022

[Trigger Warning: The following content contains information on domestic violence which some readers may find disturbing.]

Counseling refers to the provision of professional guidance by a counselor, who will help you and your harasser settle the matter of the domestic violence you have faced, furnish a guarantee that violence will not repeat, and come up with the best possible solution to the problem of domestic violence. The Court can pass an order to either the harasser or you to undergo counseling, either alone or together, with a service provider or a counselor appointed by the Court.

A counselor cannot be:

  • Any person who is connected to the case, or any person who is related to you or your harasser unless both you and the harasser consent to this1.
  • Any lawyer who has appeared for the harasser in the case.

If you are uncomfortable with the counselor for any reason, you can ask your lawyer to inform the Court who will look into the matter.

Role of the Counselor

A counselor’s role is to:

  • Set up a meeting either alone with you or together with the harasser at a place convenient for you and the harasser2.
  • The Counselor has to conduct the counseling proceedings with the aim of making sure that the domestic violence does not repeat. The Counselor may take an undertaking3 from the harasser stating that he:
  • Will not commit any further domestic violence.
  • Will not try to meet or communicate in any manner through letter, telephone, electronic mail or through any medium except in the presence of the counselor in a manner allowed by a judge.
  • If you decide that you want to settle the matter and end the case, you can tell the Counselor, who will make an effort to come up with the best possible solution for everyone involved.

In the process of counseling, the harasser is not allowed to justify any reasons for subjecting you to domestic violence. After the counseling is over, the counselor has to submit the report regarding the counseling session(s) to the Court as soon as possible so that the Court can take further action, and set a date for hearing the case, within 2 months. If a settlement is not arrived at, the Counselor has to report the reasons to the Court.

Some states provide handbooks for ASHA workers where you can find more information on forms on violence, where it can happen and how to file a complaint to seek protection against domestic violence. For example, see this handbook published for ASHA in Chattisgarh, Delhi, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh and Uttarakhand.

  1. Section 13(2)(i)(ii) and 13(3), The Protection of Women from Domestic Violence Act, 2005.[]
  2. Section 14, The Protection of Women from Domestic Violence Act, 2005.[]
  3. Section 14,(6) The Protection of Women from Domestic Violence Act, 2005.[]

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