The right to healthy environment1 for all persons is a part of the Right to Life guaranteed by Article 21 of the Constitution of India. This includes the right to pollution free water23. People have a right to seek remedy for anything which endangers or impairs the quality of life under Article 21 i.e., interferes with the clean water or pollutes water, in violation of the laws, under Article 32 of the Constitution4.
Article 48A and Article 51A(g) of the Constitution of India, place a duty on the State as well as every citizen of India to improve and protect the environment including rivers and lakes from pollution.
- Rural Litigation and Entitlement Kendra v. State of U.P, (1985) 2 SCC 431 : AIR 1985 SC 652.
- A.P. Pollution Control Board v. M.V. Nayadu II, (1999) 2 SCC 247 : AIR 1999 SC 912; Mrs. Susetha v. State of T.N., (2006) 6 SCC 543; Narmada Bachao Andolan v. Union of India, (2000) 10 SCC 664; Subhash Kumar v. State of Bihar, (1991) 1 SCC 598 : AIR 1991 SC 420.
- T. Damodhar Rao v. S.O. Municipal Board, AIR 1987 AP 171; Chhetriya Pradushan Mukti Sangarsh Samiti v. State of U.P., (1990) 4 SCC 449 : AIR 1990 SC 2060; T.N. Godavarnam Thirumalpad v. Union of India, (2002) 10 SCC 606.
- Subhash Kumar v. State of Bihar , AIR 1991 SC 420.