Types of Adoption

Last updated on Apr 8, 2022

The types of adoption given below are only applicable to you if you decide to follow the non-religious law on adoption.1 If you follow the Hindu adoption laws,2 there are no specific types of adoptions.

These are the following categories of adoption procedures:

  • Adoption by resident Indians (residing in India)
  • Adoption of a child from a foreign country by Indian citizens 
  • Adoption by Overseas Citizen of India (OCI) or a foreigner living in India
  • Adoption by OCI or Non-Resident Indian (NRI) or a foreigner living abroad 
  • Adoption by step-parent 
  • Adoption by relative
    • In-country adoption i.e. adoption within India
    • Inter-country adoption
  1. Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2015.[]
  2. Hindu Adoption and Maintenance Act, 1956.[]

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Who can Adopt?

Under the non-religious law on adoption, you must meet certain conditions to be considered as a prospective adoptive parent.

What is Adoption?

Adoption is the process through which a prospective adoptive parent lawfully assumes the responsibility of a child.

Procedure for Adoption by Relative (Non-Religious Law)

As a relative of a child, following the non-religious law to adopt, you can adopt both within India and also do inter-country adoptions.

Role of Courts

The Courts play a very important role during the adoption procedure by way of giving adoption orders, permission to adopt and appeals.

Effects of Adoption

There are certain effects of adoption which arise with respect to property rights and familial connections.

Children Legally Free for Adoption

Declaring a child legally free for adoption allows such children to be put up for adoption under the non-religious law.