To prove a defamation case, you have to show the following things:
- That the person who said or wrote things about you conveyed a defamatory message
- That the material was published, meaning that it was conveyed to someone other than you.
- That you could be identified as the person referred to in the defamatory material
- That you suffered some injury to your reputation as a result of the communication.
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What does the law say you can/cannot do?
While anything that lowers the authority of the courts can be considered as contempt, there are certain exceptions given in the law. These include innocent publication and distribution of matter, fair and accurate reporting of a judicial proceeding, fair criticism of judicial actions, complaint against presiding officers of subordinate courts and truth.