While growing cannabis still a crime as per the NDPS Act, some states like Uttar Pradesh allow the cultivation of cannabis for medicinal or research purposes.

Cannabis

Last updated on Jun 7, 2022

Trigger Warning: The following content contains information on drugs and narcotics which some readers may find disturbing. 

As per Indian law, possession and use of cannabis are illegal. However, from the cannabis plant only activities relating to the flowering part, aka Ganja/Weed, and the resin, aka Hashish, hash or charas, are illegal. 

Ganja/Weed

Ganja, also known as Weed, refers to merely the flowering part of the cannabis plant that becomes the fruit of the cannabis plant. The production, manufacture, possession, sale, purchase, transport, inter-state import/export, and the use of Ganja is banned in India. The punishment for carrying out any of these activities is proportional to the quantity of Ganja involved and not the type of activity.

  • Small amount (up to 1 kg):  Jail time up to 1 year, and/or fine up to Rs. 10,000.
  • Between 1 kg and 20 kgs: Jail time up to 10 years, and fine up to Rs. 1 lakh.
  • Commercial amount (20 kg): jail time  between 10 years and 20 years, and fine between Rs 1 lakh and Rs 2 lakh. The Court may also impose fine exceeding Rs. 2 lakh by recording reasons in the judgment.1

Charas/Hash

Charas is the separated resin (crude or purified) obtained from the cannabis plant and also includes concentrated preparation and resin known as hashish oil or liquid hashish. The production, manufacture, possession, sale, purchase, transport, inter-state import/export, and the use of Charas is banned in India. The punishment for carrying out any of these activities is proportional to the quantity of Charas involved and not the type of activity. 

  • Small amount (up to 100 grams): jail time  up to one year, and/or fine up to Rs. 10,000.
  • 100 grams – 1 kg: jail time  up to ten years, and fine up to Rs. 1 lakh. 

Commercial amount (1 kg): jail time  between ten years and twenty years, and fine between Rs 1 lakh and Rs 2 lakh. The Court may also impose fine exceeding Rs. 2 lakhs by recording reasons in the judgment.1

  1. Section 20, Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances Act, 1985[][]

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