How does this explainer help you?
With the development of pre-natal diagnostic techniques in the 1990s, finding out the sex of an unborn child became very common. This led to an increase in the cases of female foeticide and infanticide. To address this problem, Indian law banned the use of such techniques and procedures that identify the sex of the unborn child. This explainer sets out the provisions in the law regarding sex selection, and the nature of the offences and the punishments specified under the law.
What are the laws being discussed?
The laws relating to sex selection are given in the Pre-Conception and Pre-Natal Diagnostic Techniques (Prohibition of Sex Selection) Act, 1994, the Pre-Conception and Pre-Natal Diagnostic Techniques (Prohibition of Sex Selection) Rules, 1996, and the Indian Penal Code, 1860. These laws also apply to medical practitioners assisting people with these procedures.