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A Learner’s License1 is a temporary license which is valid for 6 months, which legally allows you to practice driving on Indian roads, as long as you are accompanied by an adult who holds a valid Driving License. 2 Please note that you must be 18 years old before you apply for a Driving License. So, if you are under 18 years of age and have a Learner’s License, you need to get it renewed or get a new one, as it is only valid for 6 months, depending on the regulations of your state.
New Learner’s License
You need to get a Learner’s License before you can apply for a Driving License, unless you have a Driving Certificate by a State accredited driving school. To understand how to get a new Learner’s License, read here.
- Name: If you have changed your name to reflect the gender you identify with, you can fill your new name in the application form. You should carry a copy of your changed name in the Central/State Gazette and a copy of other Identification proofs which recognize your new name in case the RTO/RTA authorities require it.
- Gender Details: While obtaining a new Learner’s License, you may have 3 options for gender which is “male”, “female” and “third gender”. Since Learner’s Licenses are regulated state wise, sometimes there may not be an option to choose transgender and in such situations, you should:
Renewing Learner’s Licence Details
You can renew your Learner’s License, which is valid for 6 months, or obtain a new one after the date of its expiry, depending on the rules of your state. This procedure varies across states, so you should check the rules specific to your state. Read here to understand how to renew your learner’s license.
- Changing Your Name: If you want to update your name to reflect the gender you identify with, you can fill your new name in the renewal application form. You should carry a copy of your changed name in the Central/State gazette and a copy of other Identification Proofs which recognize your new name.
- Changing Gender Details: Since Learner’s Licenses are regulated state wise, sometimes there may not be an option to choose transgender and in such situations, you should:
The RTO/RTA officials may ask you for proof of gender identity or proof of change of name, but they cannot subject you to any form of harassment or gender verification on the spot. If you face any harassment or discrimination, you should complain to the Learner’s License authorities. If these authorities do not respond, you can take help from lawyers, NGOs, etc. to make the process easier and take action by filing a complaint with the police.1
- Learners License, Transport Department, Government of NCT Delhi, http://transport.delhi.gov.in/content/learner-licence
- Rule 3(b), The Central Motor Vehicles Rules, 1989