A marriage performed by a Marriage Registrar is divided into 4 stages:
Stage 1: Issuing of Preliminary Notice
If a couple wishes to be married by a Marriage Registrar, one of them must give a notice in person to the Registrar of the district in which the couple lives. In case they live in different districts, the notice shall be given to the Registrars of both the districts. The notice shall state their intention to be married, in the prescribed format, and should mention the following
- The name and surname, and the profession, of each of the persons intending marriage,
- The current address of each of them,
- The time during which each has been present in the said address. In case a person has been staying there for more than a month, they only need to state the same.
- The place where the marriage will take place1.
Given below is a sample notice:
Stage 2: Issuing of certificate of receipt of notice
After at least four days of receiving the notice by the Registrar4, one of the parties intending marriage must make an oath to the Registrar, stating that there are no legal problems in performing the marriage, and that they live within the District of the Registrar’s office5. In case one of the parties is a minor, one of the parties must also take an oath stating that the necessary steps have been taken5. To know more about the special procedures of marriage of a minor, read our explainer on Marriages of Minors under Christian Law.
After such a declaration has been made, the Registrar will issue a certificate to the parties, in the prescribed format, and the parties can be married by any Registrar or in the Registrar’s presence, within two months of receiving the certificate6. Given below is a sample of a certificate of receipt of notice.
Stage 3: Performance of Marriage
The certificates obtained must be produced in front of the Registrar at the time of marriage7. The marriage will be conducted either by the Registrar themselves, or any other person authorized to do the same. The marriage ceremony must be attended by two witnesses, apart from the Registrar7. In case two months have passed from receipt of the certificate, the entire process must restart with a fresh notice8.
Stage 4: Registration of Marriage
After the performance of the marriage, the details of the marriage shall be entered in a register by the Registrar, in the prescribed format9. The entry will be signed by the Registrar, the person who performed the marriage (if marriage was performed by someone other than the Registrar), parties to the marriage, and two witnesses who had attended the ceremony10.
A certified copy of an entry in the marriage register, signed by the person under whose custody the register is kept, will act as evidence that the persons mentioned in the entry have been married according to the law11. Upon payment of the prescribed fees to the Marriage Registrar, one can always inspect a marriage register which is within the custody of the said Registrar12.0
- Section 38, Indian Christian Marriage Act, 1872
- Section 39, Indian Christian Marriage Act, 1872
- Section 40, Indian Christian Marriage Act, 1872.
- Section 41, Indian Christian Marriage Act, 1872.
- Section 42, Indian Christian Marriage Act, 1872.
- Sections 41, 50-52, Indian Christian Marriage Act, 1872.
- Section 51, Indian Christian Marriage Act, 1872.
- Section 52, Indian Christian Marriage Act, 1872.
- Sections 53 & 54, Indian Christian Marriage Act, 1872
- Section 54, Indian Christian Marriage Act, 1872.
- Section 80, Indian Christian Marriage Act, 1872.
- Section 79, Indian Christian Marriage Act, 1872.