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- The child in need of medical care and protection will be taken to the nearest hospital or medical care facility within 24 hours.
- The medical examination of the child in need of emergent care will be conducted even if the FIR has not yet been filed.
- The child’s privacy will be protected and the medical care will be given in front of the parent, guardian or any other person that the child trusts.
- The registered medical doctor or the hospital or the medical facility cannot request for any legal documentation or orders from a magistrate before giving medical care.
The registered medical doctor in a hospital or medical facility must2:
- Treat the child for cuts, bruises and other injuries to all body parts.
- Treat the child for STDs (Sexually Transmitted Diseases) or HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus).
- Treat the child for possible pregnancy and give emergency contraception after discussing with the child and the person accompanying the child, which can be the parents, guardian or the person that the child trusts.
- If necessary, suggest a consultation with a psychologist for the child who faced abuse.
Doctors, Medical Examiners and Social Workers should assist the children by keeping the following guidelines in mind while coming for medical check-ups:
- If one comes across a child who has been sexually abused and is below the age of 12, then consent for the examination has to be taken from the parent or the guardian.
- There may be a chance that the abuser is accompanying the child to the hospital for treatment. For example, a parent or a guardian. In such situations, a female representative from the hospital or medical facility should be present for the examination.
- To understand the history of the sexual abuse that happened, the person conducting the examination can use body charts and objects like dolls to seek details from the child itself.
- Whatever details are being given by the child about the abuse should be looked into and believed. Even though the possibility exists that the child may be lying or that the child may be tutored, treat the child with care and consideration while getting the sexual abuse details.
- Provide psychological support for children to cope with the traumatic abuse that they have faced and the needs of the children should always be kept in mind.
- Make sure that the privacy and confidentiality is respected while addressing the child so that he or she trusts one and gives details about the sexual abuse.
- Section 5, The Protection of Children from Sexual Offences Rules, 2012.; Section 27, The Protection of Children from Sexual Offences Act, 2012
- Section 5(4), The Protection of Children from Sexual Offences Rules, 2012.