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Adoption means the process through which the adopted child is permanently separated from his biological parents and becomes the lawful child of the adoptive parents with all the rights, privileges and responsibilities that are attached to a biological child.12
The legal procedure for adoption is as follows:13
- If you are a Prospective adoptive parent (PAP), you have to first register online on the CARA website and upload your documents in Child Adoption Resource Information and Guidance System (CARINGS).14
- Home study is conducted after registration. A social worker from the Specialised Adoption Agency is authorized to do so. After the homes study, the details are uploaded on CARINGS.
- PAPs are then referred the profiles of legally free children (children who can be adopted). PAPs can reserve a child within 48 hours based on choice and eligibility.
- Within the next 20 days, PAPs are matched with the child by the Adoption committee
- The child is then accepted by the PAPs.
- The court procedure starts thereafter. The Specialized Adoption
Agency along with the PAPs file a petition in the designated court within 10 days of acceptance of the child by the PAPs.
- The court process of adoption is completed when the Court gives an order disposing off the case within 60 days of filing the petition.
- The post adoption follow up process includes applying for issuance of the birth certificate of the child. Post adoption follow up till 2 years from the date of placement with the adoptive family.
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