You have a right to defend yourself1 , any other person2, and your property, or that of any other person3. if you face violence. However, the following conditions need to be satisfied, or you may be punished:
- There is a reasonable belief that you will be injured4
- The defence you use should be in ratio with the injury being inflicted on you5. For example, if someone is going to punch you, you cannot shoot him.
Your right to defence of body can include causing death in the following cases6:
- You reasonably believe that death may occur
- You reasonably believe that grievous hurt may occur
- The assault is occuring with an intention to rape or satisfy unnatural lust
- The assault is occurring with an intention of kidnapping
- The assault is occurring with an intention confine a person in a way that he will not be able to reach out to public authorities
- The assault is occurring with an intention throw acid which may cause grievous hurt
Your right to defence of property includes causing death in the following cases7
- House-breaking during night
- Mischief in relation to burning a building, tent, etc. which is used for the purposes of living by humans or used to store property in
- Theft, mischief or trespass which may make you believe that death/grievous hurt may result
- Section 96. Indian Penal Code, 1860.
- Section 97. Indian Penal Code, 1860
- Section 97. Indian Penal Code, 1860.
- Arjun v State of Maharashtra
- Section 99. Indian Penal Code, 1860.
- Section 100. Indian Penal Code, 1860.
- Section 103. Indian Penal Code, 1860.