You have a right to complain against noise pollution and the authorities will take action against those who do. The punishment for noise pollution is:
Causing Public Nuisance
Creating noise is considered to be a public nuisance when you cause any injury, danger or annoyance to the public.1 For example if your neighbour plays a sound system at midnight very loudly, then this is considered to be a public nuisance. The punishment for such nuisance is a fine upto Rs. 200.2 If you continue to make noise even after the Court directs you to stop the noise then you may be punished with jail time upto 6 months along with a fine.3
Causing Environmental Pollution
Since noise pollution causes significant harm to the environment and surroundings, you will be punished with jail time upto five years with a fine upto Rs. 1 Lakh or both, if you cause any noise pollution. For example, if the construction noise of a building is making it hard for you to live, then this is a form of noise pollution.
If the noise pollution continues, then you may be punished with an additional fine of Rs. 5000 for every day the pollution happens. If the noise continues for more than a year despite orders to stop it, then you may be punished with jail time upto 7 years.4
- Section 268, Indian Penal Code, 1860.
- Section 290, Indian Penal Code, 1860.
- Section 291, Indian Penal Code, 1860.
- Section 15, The Environment (Protection) Act, 1986.