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The Ministry of Home Affairs put out a revised order No.40-3/2020-DM-1(A) on the 1st of May, 2020 with revised guidelines on measures to be taken by Ministries/Departments of Government of India, State/UT Governments and State/UT authorities for containment of COVID-19. These guidelines will come into force on the 4th of May, 2020.
These guidelines are based on the risk profiling of districts done for COVID-19 Cases into 3 zones: Red (Hotspot), Green and Orange zones.
Red Zones or Hotspot Districts are those districts which have active cases, doubling rate of confirmed cases, more testing and surveillance feedback.
Green Zones are those districts with zero confirmed case till date or districts with no confirmed case in the last 21 days.
Orange Zones: Districts, which are neither defined as Red nor as Green Zones are Orange Zones.
You can find the zone classification list here. States and UT’s have the power to include any additional districts into Red and Orange Zones but do not have the power to remove a district or lower the classification of a Red Zone or an Orange Zone. If the districts which are classified as Red or Orange Zones have one or more Municipal Corporations (MC(s)), then the State/UT/District Administration will make an assessment of a case based on whether they fall:
- Within the jurisdiction of the Municipal Corporation or
- Outside the jurisdiction of the Municipal Corporation.
Conditions for Classification
- Red Zone to Orange Zone: In case the district is classified as a Red Zone, and there are no confirmed cases in the last 21 days in the area of the district outside the limits of the MC(s), this area may be labeled as an Orange Zone.
- Orange Zone to Green Zone: In case the district is classified as an Orange Zone, and there are no confirmed case in the last 21 days in the area of the district outside the limits of the MC(s), this area may be labeled as a Green Zone.
- Red Zone or Orange Zone: In case in the area of the district outside the limits of the MC (s) does have one or more confirmed case(s) in the last 21 days, this part of the district shall continue to be labeled as a Red or Orange Zone depending on the cases.
Within Red (Hotspots) and Orange Zones, where maximum precaution is required, local authorities have to ensure strict perimeter control to ensure that there is no movement of population in or out of these zones except for medical emergencies and for maintaining supply of essential goods and services.
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