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A state imposes a curfew through a Section 144 Order which is a written order directing any person to abstain from a certain action or follow orders passed with respect to any property under his management. This may be passed in situations where the District Magistrate or Sub-Divisional Magistrate or Executive Magistrate empowered by the State believes that:
- Such orders or direction would prevent or is likely to prevent:
- Any obstruction, annoyance or injury to any person or a danger to human life
- Health, safety or disturbance of public tranquility
- Riot or an affray (group fighting)
- Immediate prevention or speedy remedy is required
This order is through Section 144 of the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973. A Section 144 order can be directed at a particular individual as well as a group of persons residing in a place or to the public in general when visiting a particular place.