When you make a complaint about noise pollution with the following authorities, they may pass an order or take action depending on the level of noise.
If you approach the police
The police will take immediate action to stop the noise by suspending the noise-producing instrument and prohibiting the further use of that equipment or instrument. If it is your vehicle that is causing noise, it is a traffic violation and the police may even fine you.
If you approach the Central/State Pollution Control Boards
These authorities have the power to issue a written order for preventing, prohibiting, controlling or regulating:
Any vocal or instrumental music
Sounds caused by playing, beating, clashing, blowing
Instruments including loudspeakers, public address systems, horn, construction equipment, appliance or apparatus or contrivance which is capable of producing or reproducing sound
- sound caused by bursting of sound’ emitting firecrackers
- Sounds caused from a business operation, or trade, like for example business of creating utensils, etc.
If you approach the Court
Filing a Complaint with District Magistrate
The Court may pass the following orders after hearing out the person who caused the noise pollution:
- Temporary order to stop the noise
- Order to remove the noise or regulate it
- Permanent order to prevent the noise pollutant and stop it
Filing a Complaint with NGT
Any person seeking relief and compensation for environmental damage or pollution involving subjects1 like air pollution, environment pollution, water pollution, etc. can approach the National Green Tribunal (NGT). 2 The NGT is a specialised judicial body where you can go to file environmental cases including noise pollution cases. The decisions of the tribunal are binding and you can appeal within 90 days to the Supreme Court if you are unhappy with its decision.
You can engage a lawyer if you want to approach the Court to file a case or file an appeal from a judgment of a lower court.
- Schedule 1, The National Green Tribunal Act, 2010
- The National Green Tribunal Act, 2010