Adoption is different from guardianship. A guardian is a person who cares for a child or for his property till the child becomes an adult (turns 18 years old), but it does not create lasting legal or familial ties like adoption. For example, Aman’s parents are not alive anymore so his uncle may apply for guardianship. As Aman’s guardian, his uncle has the legal responsibility of his upbringing, property, major financial decisions etc.
There are two main legislations on guardianship:
- If you are a Hindu, you can refer to both Guardians and Wards Act, 1890 and Hindu Minority and Guardianship Act, 1956.
If you belong to any religious community except Hindu, you can refer to the Guardians and Wards Act, 1890.