The law is meant to safeguard the public’s faith in the judiciary and its authority1. The law applies to the general public, and prohibits the public from making such remarks against the judiciary. However, this restriction won’t be applicable if the remarks come under any of the defenses given by the law.
The law restricts the public from making any remarks against the Supreme Court, High Court, Subordinate Courts, and Tribunals established by law. However, the law of contempt does not protect Nyaya Panchayats or other village courts that have been established by law for the administration of justice2. To read more on the power to initiate contempt proceedings, see our explainer on “Who are the authorities under the law?”.0
- Delhi Judicial Service Association, Tis Hazari Court v. State of Gujarat, (1991) 4 SCC 406.
- Section 21, Contempt of Courts Act, 1971.