Anyone can file a complaint against a person who has made scandalizing remarks or otherwise stood in contempt against the judiciary1. However, the contempt proceeding only happens between the court and the alleged offender. The complainant is only an informer, whose duty ends after informing the court. It is open to the court to determine whether or not to act on such information and thereby initiate contempt proceedings 2.
To read more on the procedure to file complaints, see our explainer on “How do you file a complaint for contempt?”0
- Section 15(1)(b), Contempt of Courts Act, 1971.
- Muthu Karuppan, Commissioner of Police, Chennai v Parithi Ilamvazhuthi, (2011) 5 SCC 496