This is a order passed by the District Magistrate or Sub-Divisional Magistrate or Executive Magistrate empowered by the State when immediate prevention is required and when such orders or direction would prevent or is likely to prevent:
- Any obstruction, annoyance or injury to any person or a danger to human life
- Health, safety or disturbance of public tranquility
- Riot or an affray (group fighting)
A Section 144 order is directed either to particular individual or a group of persons residing in a place or to the public in general when visiting a particular place.
Restrictions under the Curfew
The restrictions are:
- Prevent protests that can lead to unrest or riots.
- Prevent epidemics which affects public health.
- Restrict the carrying any sort of weapon
- Restrict Movement of public
- Closure of all educational institutions
- Ban on holding any kind of public meetings or rallies
The punishment for violating the curfew orders or Section 144 are:
- Negligently spreading infection of a disease 1. The punishment is jail time up to six months, or with a fine or with both.
- Disobedience of an order issued by a public servant 2. The punishment is jail time up to
- Being a member of an unlawful assembly3. The punishment is jail time up to six months, or with fine, or with both
- Rioting 4.The punishment is jail time up to two years, or with fine, or with both.
- Punishment for Obstructing an officer or Government employee 5. The punishment is jail time up to 1 year with fine or both.
- Punishment for false warning5. Causing panic by circulating a false alarm or warning regarding a disaster or its severity is a crime. The punishment is jail time up to 1 year or fine.
- Section 269, Indian Penal Code, 1860
- Section 188, Indian Penal Code, 1860
- Section 143, Indian Penal Code, 1860
- Section 147, Indian Penal Code, 1860
- Section 55, National Disaster Management Act, 2005