Every State Government categorizes areas into the following, where various noise standards/limits have to be followed:
Development authorities, local bodies and other authorities while planning a developmental activity or carrying out functions relating to town/country have the responsibility to avoid noise menace and maintain noise standards.1 For example, if you are engaged in a business activity, like the manufacture of brass utensils which causes noise pollution, then legal action may be taken against you. However, the Supreme Court in a case2, asked a business manufacturing utensils to reduce noise as it was disturbing the neighbourhood including teachers, students and neighbours near the business premises, making it within permissible noise limits/standards.
Noise Standards in India3 Depending on the area or zone, there are noise limits/standards which need to be maintained. If it goes above the limit, then it would be noise pollution.
Area or Zone
Limits in dB(A) Leq* (Day Time from 6.00 am. to 10.00 p.m)
Limits in dB(A) Leq* (Night Time from (10.00 p.m. to 6.00 a.m)
Above all, if you violate these limits given in the table above, then you will be punished under the law with jail time and a fine.
- Rule 3(4), Noise Pollution (Control and Regulation) Rules, 2000.
- Sheikh Ikram Sheikh Israil and ors. Vs. State of Maharashtra and ors (2007) 4 SCC 217.
- Schedule 1, Noise Pollution (Control and Regulation) Rules, 2000.