When anyone tries to bring hatred or contempt or excites disaffection towards the government, they have committed an act of sedition. An act of sedition has to be done through one of the following ways:
- Words (spoken or written).
- Visual representation such as signs, videos, pictures or cartoons.
The result of an act of sedition should be violence or public disorder or an attempt to cause violence/public disorder. 1
The Supreme Court has held in various judgments that the law of sedition is only applicable where :
- A person causes violence, or
- A person encourages people to create violence. 2
For example, Shri Rampal, the leader of a village, gives a speech where he asks the people to rebel against the Government so that they can secede from India. This leads to a lot of hatred against the Government along with public disorder and riots. Shri Rampal would be held liable for an act of sedition.0
- Kedar Nath v. State of Bihar, A.I.R. 1962 S.C. 955.
- Section 124A, Indian Penal Code, 1860.