In the event an abortion is requested, there are two circumstances in which an abortion can be legally allowed, i.e woman’s health or in cases of fetal abnormality. However, both these cases the doctor/s assessment for abortions is heavily relied on.
Certain conditions need to be fulfilled before a doctor can perform an abortion, that is the doctor should in their medical opinion consider the abortion to be necessary because:
- The continuation of the pregnancy would either be a risk to the life of the pregnant woman, or
- The continuation of the pregnancy would cause her grave physical or mental injury.
To understand whether the health of the woman is going to be affected, the medical practitioners conducting the abortion are supposed to look at the environment she lives in currently and the environment she will likely live in after the abortion. The purpose of this is to assess the mental and physical health of the woman by understanding the social circumstances she will be subject to, and the repercussions she will have to face due to her decision to abort.
If there is a high chance that the child born would suffer from some physical or mental abnormalities which would leave it seriously handicapped then the doctor can take a call to allow an abortion. These handicaps can be severe cardiac problems, congenital disorders, brain anomalies and a scenario of multiple fetal abnormalities that leave the foetus with fewer chances of survival and with severe physical handicaps. In these circumstances, an abortion can be performed.0