It is unlawful and an offence under the Manual Scavengers and Their Rehabilitation Act, 2013 for any person, municipality, panchayat or agency to build an insanitary latrine that requires human waste to be removed manually by a person before the waste has properly decomposed.
Local authorities are required to carry out a survey of insanitary latrines in its area and publish a list of all such latrines which were identified during the survey. The local authorities are responsible for the building and maintenance of these community sanitary latrines and must make sure that they are functional and hygienic.
First-time offenders constructing or engaging or employing someone to construct an insanitary latrine can face jail time up to one year as well as a fine for up to Rs. 50,000. Second-time offenders can face jail time up to two years and a fine of up to Rs. 1,00,000.0